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Online Quran Academy - Islamic Mentors

The Day of Arafat – A Moment of Mercy for All Muslims

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The Day of Arafat - A Moment of Mercy for All Muslims
The Day of Arafat, pivotal in Islam, symbolizes mercy and spiritual renovate. Hajj pilgrims gather at Mount Arafat for prayers and reflection. Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) farewell sermon underscores its importance. Muslims worldwide observe it with fasting and supplication, seeking forgiveness and spiritual growth.

The Day of Arafat

In Islamic traditions, certain occasions have deep roots in our beliefs and spirituality. One such occasion is the Day of Arafat, which Muslims worldwide celebrate. It is a special day when millions of people gather for the annual Hajj pilgrimage to pray and demonstrate their devotion.


The Day of Arafat shines brightly as a symbol of mercy, forgiveness, and spiritual renewal. It gives us a rare chance to think deeply, sincerely ask for forgiveness, and profoundly connect with Allah (SWT). Even if we’re not physically at Arafat, this day holds great importance for all Muslims.


Understanding the Day of Arafat

What is the Day of Arafat?

The Day of Arafat also called the Day of the Standing, is important in the Islamic calendar. It falls on the 9th day of the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah. Hajj Pilgrims visit Mount Arafat, which is 20 km southeast of Makkah. It precedes Eid al-Adha, and the journey from Al-Haram mosque takes around 30 minutes.


The Day of Arafat extends beyond the confines of the pilgrimage itself. It marks the last sermon Hazrat Muhammad (SWT) delivered during his farewell pilgrimage in 632 CE. In this historic address, He (SAW) underscored principles of equality, justice, and compassion, imparting timeless wisdom that resonated with Muslims worldwide.


Read more: Lessons from the Last Sermon Prophet Muhammad (SAW)


When is the Day of Arafat in 2024?

The Day of Arafat in 2024 will be on Saturday, June 15th. This important Islamic Day follows the lunar calendar and shifts about Ten Days Earlier yearly. It necessitates acts of worship and reflection.


Importance of the Day of Arafat

The Day of Arafat is the holiest in Islam. It marks the climax of the Hajj pilgrimage and is a day of repentance and mercy. This day is the most sacred in Islam, near to Laylat al-Qadr (the Night of Power) in Ramadan. It mirrors the Day of Judgment, where every individual stands before Allah (SWT), stripped of all but their faith and deeds. It is considered the pinnacle and most crucial day of the Hajj journey.


Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) stressed the importance of the Day of Arafat.

Hazrat A’isha (RA) reported Him (SAW) saying:

There is no day when God sets free more servants from Hell than the Day of Arafa. He draws near, then praises them to the angels, saying: What do these want?

[Sahih Muslim 1348]

This hadith highlights Allah’s (SWT) on the Day of Arafat; Allah’s (SWT) immense mercy liberated many people from the punishment of Hellfire.


Read More: Concept of Jahannam in Islam.

Moreover, the Day of Arafat is believed to be when Islam was perfected, and Allah’s (SWT) favour was completed upon humanity. This belief is drawn from the Quran, particularly from verse 5:3, which discusses the completion of the religion of Islam.


Observing the Day of Arafat

For Hajj Pilgrims

The Day of Arafat is an important observance for Hajj pilgrims. It takes place on the plain of Arafa and involves Wuquf, a core ritual of standing in prayer and supplication from noon until sunset.


During the Day of Arafat, pilgrims combine Dhuhr and Asr prayers and perform them consecutively during Dhuhr. This allows more time for supplication without the interruption of separate prayers. Each prayer is shortened (Qasr) to two Rak’ahs instead of four, simplifying the practice while focusing on the spiritual aspect of the day.


For Muslims Around the World

For Muslims around the world, fasting on the Day of Arafah holds significant merit for those not performing Hajj. Although fasting is not mandatory on this day, engaging in it voluntarily can immensely enrich our spiritual lives. The Day of Arafah is uniquely valued for its extraordinary reward, which is mentioned in hadith.


Hazrat Abu Qatada (RA) reported that a person came to the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and said:

How do you fast? The Messenger of Allah (SAW) felt annoyed. When ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with him) noticed his annoyance, he said: We are well pleased with Allah (SWT) as our Lord, Islam as our code of life, and Muhammad (SAW) as our Prophet. We seek refuge with Allah from the anger of Allah and that of His Messenger. ‘Umar kept repeating these words till his (the Prophet’s) anger calmed down. Then Umar said: Messenger of Allah, what is the position of one who fasts perpetually? He (SAW) said: He neither fasted nor broke it, nor he said: He did not fast, and he did not break it. ‘Umar said: What about him who fasts for two days and does not fast one day? He (SAW) said: Is anyone capable of doing that? He (‘Umar) said: What is the position of him who fasts for a day and doesn’t fast on the other day? Thereupon, he (the Holy Prophet) said: That is the fast of David (peace be upon him). He (‘Umar) said: What about him who fasts one day and doesn’t fast for two days. He (the Messenger of Allah) said: I wish I were given the strength to do that. After that He (SAW) said: Fasting three days every month and that of Ramadan every year is a perpetual fasting. I seek from Allah that fasting on the day of ‘Arafa may atone for the sins of the preceding and the coming years, and I seek from Allah that fasting on the Day of Ashura may atone for the sins of the prior year.

[Sahih Muslim 1162a]

This immense reward illustrates not only the mercy and generosity of Allah (SWT) but also urges us to seize these opportunities to deepen our devotion and seek His forgiveness.


Furthermore, the Day of Arafat is significant for Muslims who want to offer devoted prayers and supplications. It is believed that Allah (SWT) is particularly close to his servants on this day and answers prayers more profoundly. Therefore, it is recommended to spend the day in dua, asking about personal needs, seeking forgiveness, and praying for communities and the world.


Dua on the Day of Arafat

Muslims are encouraged to recite the following Dua on the Day of Arafah:

laa ilaaha ill-allaahu, waḥdahu laa shareeka lah, lahul-mulku wa lahul-ḥamdu, wa huwa ‛alaa kulli shay'in qadeer
laa ilaaha ill-allaahu, waḥdahu laa shareeka lah, lahul-mulku wa lahul-ḥamdu, wa huwa ‛alaa kulli shay’in qadeer

“None has the right to be worshipped except Allah (SWT), alone, without a partner. To Him belongs sovereignty and all praise, and He is omnipotent over all things.”

Read our Hajj and Umrah Duas blog: Essential Duas for Hajj and Umrah.


Conclusion

The Day of Arafat marks a moment of immense mercy, forgiveness, and potential spiritual renewal. As we observe this sacred day, whether by fasting or making heartfelt supplications, it represents more than a ritual; it is a chance for personal and spiritual growth. This day invites us to reflect deeply on our lives, seek Allah’s boundless mercy, and commit ourselves anew to righteousness. It’s a reminder of Allah’s (SWT) closeness and His (SWT) readiness to respond. May this day bring us closer to Allah (SWT) with hope, mercy, and renewed zeal for a life pleasing Him (SWT).

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