The Inspiring Life and Martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (R.A) also known as Umar al-Farooq (R.A), is a remarkable and pivotal story in the early history of Islam. He was born in approximately 584 CE into the Adi clan of the Quraysh crew in Mecca, Arabia. Before his conversion to Islam, Umar was known for his fierce and strong personality. He was one of the prominent leaders of Quraysh and had a reputation for being intelligent and influential.
Conversion to Islam
Hazrat Umar (R.A) initially opposed Islam and the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). However, in 616 CE, something transformative happened when he decided to confront the Prophet (SAW) with the intention of killing him. On his way, he encountered his sister, who had already embraced Islam, and upon hearing verses from the Quran, he converted on the spot. Umar’s conversion was significant as it strengthened the Muslim community and provided a visible boost to their numbers.
After accepting Islam, Hazrat Umar (R.A) became an active and devoted member of the Muslim community. He faced persecution and hardship at the hands of his fellow Meccans who opposed Islam. Alongside other early Muslims, he endured various forms of persecution and torture.
Migration to Medina
In 622 CE, the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and the Muslims migrated to Medina to escape further persecution. Hazrat Umar (R.A) was one of the early emigrants to Medina and played an essential role in supporting the community there.
Service to Islam under the Prophet
Hazrat Umar (R.A) participated in several battles during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), including the Battle of Badr, Battle of Uhud, Battle of Khandaq (the Trench), and others. His bravery and leadership qualities were evident in these engagements, earning him respect among the Muslim community.
Election as the Second Caliph
After the death of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) in 632 CE, the Muslim community faced the task of choosing a new leader (Caliph). Hazrat Umar (R.A.) was among those who participated in the process of selecting the next Caliph. He swore allegiance to Abu Bakr (R.A) as the first Caliph and played an instrumental role in convincing others to do the same.
Caliphate of Hazrat Umar (R.A)
After the death of Abu Bakr (R.A) in 634 CE, Hazrat Umar (R.A) was chosen as the second Caliph of Islam. During his 10-year reign as Caliph, he focused on upholding justice, promoting social welfare, and expanding the Muslim empire through military conquests.
Conquests and Expansion
One of the most significant achievements of Hazrat Umar’s (R.A) caliphate was the expansion of the Islamic state. Under his leadership, Muslim armies successfully conquered territories including Iraq, Syria, and Egypt. Islamic rule allowed non-Muslims religious freedom and protection, conducting conquests with a sense of justice and mercy.
Hazrat Umar (R.A) introduced various administrative reforms during his caliphate, including the establishment of a well-organized. Such as bureaucracy, financial accountability, and social welfare systems such as the Bayt al-Mal (treasury) to support the less fortunate.
Despite holding one of the most powerful positions in the world Hazrat Umar (R.A) remained humble and lived a simple life. He was known for his personal piety, fear of Allah, and adherence to Islamic principles.
Assassination and Martyrdom
The assassination and martyrdom of Hazrat Umar ibn al-Khattab (R.A) occurred in 644 CE during his caliphate. He was leading the morning prayers at the Masjid al-Nabawi (the Prophet’s (SAW) Mosque) in Medina when a Persian slave named Abu Lulu attacked him with a poisoned dagger. Hazrat Umar (R.A.) managed to finish the prayers despite his injuries. But passed away a few days later due to the severity of the poison. His tragic death left a profound impact on the Muslim community. He is remembered with great respect and admiration for his exemplary leadership and devotion to Islam.
The Inspiring Life and Martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (R.A) stands as a beacon of guidance and inspiration for Muslims and non-Muslims alike. His transformative journey from an opponent of Islam to a fearless defender and leader showcases the power of faith and conviction. Hazrat Umar’s (R.A) just rule, administrative reforms, and military conquests left a lasting legacy that shaped the course of Islamic history. His personal piety and humility continue to resonate, reminding us of the importance of strong character and unwavering principles. The tragic martyrdom of this great leader may have marked the end of his earthly life. But his enduring influence remains ever-present, inspiring generations to uphold righteousness, justice, and compassion in their own lives.