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Justice and Equity in Islam: Principles and Practice


Justice and Equity in Islam: Principles and Practice
Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-as (RA) reported that: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “The just will be seated upon pulpits of light.” Those who are fair with regards to their judgement and their family and those who are under them.” [Riyad as-Salihin 659]

Introduction: Understanding Justice and Equity in Islam

Justice and equity are core values in Islam that guide us in treating others fairly and respectfully. These principles play a crucial role in establishing a balanced society. As Muslims, we are encouraged to practice kindness and fairness in all aspects of our lives, whether at home, in business, or with friends.

Islam’s teachings of justice and equity promise a better life for all individuals. When everyone is treated fairly, we can live in harmony, resolve conflicts peacefully, and foster a sense of happiness and enjoyment. Moreover, Islam emphasizes that fairness is not limited to our surroundings but extends to the world. It strives to maintain balance and ensure that justice and equity are maintained in every aspect of life.

The Islamic Perspective on Justice and Equity

In Islam, Justice, and equity guide how we interact with others and conduct ourselves. Here’s a more detailed explanation of these concepts:


It is derived from a root word meaning “to be equal.” This concept contains the ideas of fairness, non-discrimination, and balance. Justice involves:

  • Putting things in their rightful place.
  • Giving everyone their due rights.
  • Maintaining consistency that aligns with divine law.

Practicing justice is one of the divine qualities of Al-Asma ul-Husna of Al-Adl, which means “The Embodiment of Justice.” We encourage embodying this divine quality in our lives.


Equlity (al-Qist) derives from the root word “to distribute.” It refers to fairness and correctness in distribution, ensuring that justice is not only about equality but also rightness and fairness.

Al-Muqsit is one of the 99 names of Allah Almighty that means “The Upholder of Equity,” emphasizing the significance of justice distribution and balance.

The Quran highlights the importance of justice and equity in Islam, even if it’s against ourselves or our loved ones. Surah An-Nisa (4:135) and Surah Al-Ma’idah (5:8) highlight the need the need to be fair witnesses for Allah (SWT), whether someone is rich or poor. It’s about being just, even if it’s hard.

Allah Almighty says in the Quran:

Surah An-Nisa (4:135) about justice and equilty
“O believers! Stand firm for justice as witnesses for Allah Almighty, even if it is against yourselves, your parents, or close relatives. Be they rich or poor, Allah (SWT) is best to ensure their interests. So do not let your desires cause you to deviate from justice. If you distort the testimony or refuse to give it, then know that Allah (SWT) is certainly All-Aware of what you do.” Surah An-Nisa (4:135)

Surah Al-Maidah Ayat no 8
“O believers! Stand firm for Allah Almighty and bear true testimony. Do not let the hatred of a people lead you to injustice. Be just! That is closer to righteousness. And be mindful of Allah (SWT). Surely Allah (SWT) is Aware of what you do.” Surah Al-Maidah (5:8)

Islam teaches us to follow Allah Almighty’s qualities by being just, fair, honest, and kind to everyone.

Historical Examples of Justice in Islam

There are many examples in Islamic history of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and his companions’ commitment to justice.

Protecting Equality Before the Law

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was a strong advocate for justice and equality under the law. This principle was tested when a woman from the powerful Makhzum clan, known for its influence in Mecca, was accused of theft.

A Difficult Decision

There were calls for leniency due to the woman’s family background. Hazrat A’isha narrated that Quraish were anxious about this woman. A group of concerned people requested Hazrat Usama ibn Zaid (RA), a close friend of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), to plead with the holy Prophet (PBUH) for mercy and a lighter punishment.

The Prophet’s Response

However, the Prophet (PBUH) remained firm in his commitment to justice. He famously said, “Even if Fatima (RA), the daughter of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), had stolen, I would have cut off her hand.” This powerful statement demonstrated that his pursuit of justice transcended social standing or personal connections.

Importance of the Example

This incident serves as a powerful reminder of Islam’s emphasis on treating everyone equally before the law. It highlights the Prophet’s (PBUH) unwavering commitment to upholding justice, even in the face of potential criticism or pressure.

To learn more about the Life of the Holy Prophet, visit this blog post about Prophet Muhammad (SAW.): Life, Revelation, and Legacy.

Hazrat Fatima Zahra (RA) is a prime example of purity, compassion, and stability in Islam. Hazrat Fatima Zahra (RA) is a prime example of purity, compassion, and stability in Islam. For more information on Hazrat Fatima’s (RA) life, check out this blog: Who was Hazrat Fatima Zahra (RA)?

Hazrat Umar’s (RA) Justice

Hazrat Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA), the second Caliph of Islam, was known for his strict adherence to justice.

A Night in Medina

It is said that during his caliphate, Hazrat Umar (RA) discreetly walked the streets of Madinah at night to check on the welfare of the people. On one such night, he came across a house where he heard a mother trying to put her children to sleep without food. Moved by the family’s plight, Hazrat Umar (RA) immediately went to the state treasury, gathered food and other necessities, and delivered them to the family himself. This act of kindness and responsibility exemplifies his dedication to the people he served and his commitment to ensuring that no one in his community went to bed hungry.

Punishing His Son

This incident shows Hazrat Umar’s (RA) devotion to justice and the rule of law, regardless of personal relationships. Despite being his son, when he hears that his son has violated Islamic law by consuming alcohol, Hazrat Umar (RA) does not hesitate to administer the appropriate punishment. By flogging his son by Islamic law, Humar is an example that no one, not even his family members, is exempt from the consequences of breaking the law. He strongly believes in equality and accountability before the law without considering social status or family connections.

Hazrat Umar (RA) significantly impacted Islamic history through his justice rule, administrative reforms, and military conquests. To learn more about Hazrat Umar (RA), visit this blog about The Inspiring Life and Martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (RA).

These historical examples teach us that Islam emphasizes treating everyone fairly, ensuring everyone is equal under the law, and holding people accountable for their actions.

Difference Between Equality, Equity and Justice

Equality, equity, and justice are highly significant in Islam, and each concept has a distinct meaning.

Equality means treating everyone fairly and giving them the same rights and opportunities, regardless of their identity. Every person has dignity and rights provided by Allah (SWT).

Equity means giving everyone what they need to live a good life and understanding that people have different needs and situations. For example, reducing inequality by giving to those who have less through Zakat.

Zakat is a pillar of Islam representing an obligation to give to those in need. For more information, visit this blog: Reflections on Zakat: The Fourth Pillar of Islam.

Justice in Islam means making sure everyone is treated fairly and with respect. It’s not just about punishing wrong actions but also about making laws and systems fair for everyone. This includes fighting against discrimination and creating opportunities for all to succeed.

These principles work together to create a society where everyone is treated fairly and respectfully, and needs are met justly.

Why Justice is Important in Islam

Justice is important in Islam because it maintains order and fairness in society. It’s like the glue that holds society together.

Social Order and Harmony 

Justice is the main building block in Islam for how we interact and run society. It ensures the equitable treatment of individuals, upholds rights and maintains peace.

Spiritual Well-being

From a spiritual perspective, justice is closely linked to the Concept of Taqwa. Being fair means following rules and getting closer to Allah (SWT). It’s like worshiping Him (SWT) and improving oneself spiritually.

Community Trust

Ensuring justice for everyone cultivates trust and unity within the community, as it guarantees equal treatment and protection of rights. Justice in Islam is not just a legal or moral obligation but a broad principle that touches every aspect of life, shaping the community’s social structure and spiritual health.

Promoting Equity and Social Justice

Promoting fairness and equality is crucial for creating communities where everyone feels included and respected. Education about Justice, Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion (JEDI) is vital. Workshops, talks, and online courses help people understand why these values matter and how to live them out daily.

Continuous learning and taking action are important. We must examine our biases and assumptions and prioritize fairness. Communities should ensure that everyone feels welcomed and valued and work towards changing inequitable policies.

Teaching kids about JEDI means showing them different cultures and beliefs, so they learn to respect everyone. Talking openly about justice, equity, and respect helps them understand why these values are essential.

As adults, we need to set a good example for others. We should utilize our power and influence to support justice and equity policies, whether it be through mentoring or simply advocating for fairness in the workplace. It is essential to consider how our actions affect those around us to promote justice and fairness daily.

Justice in Various Aspects of Life

Justice is a fundamental aspect of Islamic teachings, encompassing various areas of life.

Economic Justice

Islam emphasizes the importance of economic justice, which can be achieved through fair trade and ethical business practices. Honesty and transparency in transactions are encouraged, and exploitation and fraud are condemned. Zakat, the obligatory charity, is an important tool for redistributing wealth. It ensures that a portion of the affluent’s wealth is shared with those in need, thereby reducing economic disparities and promoting social welfare.

To learn more about charities in Islam, click the link and explore Islamic Charity: Sadaqah, Zakat, and More.

Racial Justice

Islam strongly opposes racism and discrimination. Its teachings emphasize the equality of all people, stating that no one is superior to another based on race or color.

Legal Justice

Islamic legal principles ensure that everyone has the right to fair legal representation and access to justice. The Islamic criminal justice system is designed to protect individuals’ rights, uphold the truth, and apply the law equitably.

These principles are not just ideals but must be actively implemented to create an equitable society.

How to Promote a Culture of Justice and Equity

Promoting justice and equity involves prioritizing and actively practicing these values to create a culture that embodies them. Here’s how this can be achieved:

Inclusion in Decision-Making Processes

Inclusion is an important factor in promoting justice and fairness. It entails ensuring that every community member, regardless of their identity, has an equal opportunity to participate in decisions that affect them. Here are some ways we can achieve it:

  • Establishing diverse committees and councils that represent the entire community.
  • Encouraging everyone to participate, especially those who usually don’t have much voice.
  • Creating spaces where everyone feels comfortable sharing their thoughts and ideas openly.

Community Engagement and Dialogue

Engagement and dialogue are crucial in addressing and resolving unfairness. They aid in comprehending the struggles of different community members and finding solutions collaboratively. Here’s how we can promote them:

  • Arrange community forums and town hall meetings to discuss unfairness and injustice openly.
  • Run workshops and training sessions on unconscious bias, cultural understanding, and solving conflicts.
  • Support projects that unite people from different backgrounds to work on shared aims, like community service or cultural swaps.

By implementing these strategies, individuals and communities can work together to create a more equitable society where everyone has the opportunity to contribute and thrive.

Conclusion: The Impact of Upholding Justice and Equity

The power of justice and equity in Islam is immense. When we attach to these values, we create a society where peace and fairness are real, not just ideas. We must uphold justice and equity by speaking out against unfairness, understanding the importance of these values, and striving to live by them daily.

Justice and equity in Islam go beyond just creating a sense of external fairness. They are also about making us feel good internally. In Islam, we view these values as reflections of Allah’s (SWT) qualities, and practicing them enables us to get closer to Him.

Let’s work together to promote justice and equity for all in our societies, making the world better.







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