Hazrat Fatima Zahra (RA) was the youngest daughter of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) and his first wife Hazrat Khadija (RA). She was the wife of Hazrat Ali (RA). Much like her father, she was known for her spiritual and pious nature. She is also referred to as the “Mother of Imams“.
Hazrat Fatima (RA) possessed superior attributes and noble qualities that elevated her to the highest position of excellence and perfection among all women. She was a role model for embodying her father’s morals and mentality. Hazrat Fatima (RA) was an ideal example of faith, worship, innocence, purity, charity, and kindness towards people with low income and the needy. She also taught us the importance of patience in facing life’s challenges. She was the perfect embodiment of all the Holy Quran verses about women. Hazrat Fatima (RA) was a complete woman, simultaneously fulfilling the roles of daughter, wife, and mother.
Her Birth and Early Life
Hazrat Fatima (RA) was born on the 20th of Jumada II 615 AD in Mecca. This was about five years before Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) received his prophethood. Hazrat Fatima (RA) had a difficult early life. Her father was spreading Islam among the people of Mecca, and many disbelievers turned against him, threatening his life.
She witnessed her father’s struggles from her childhood and his hardships in propagating the message of Allah among the people. She suffered the tragic loss of her mother, Hazrat Khadijah, and her father’s greatest supporter and protector, Abu Talib, after a few years of suffering. After Hazrat Khadija’s death, She took care of her father, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
Hazrat Fatima (RA) ‘The Lady of Light’
Hazrat Fatima (RA) has been blessed with many titles such as Zahra, Batul, Umm al-Hasan wal Hussain, and the best title Umm Abeeha. Because of her great resemblance in personality to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). She was given the title Al-Zahra, which means “The Lady of Light”. Apart from this, she was also given the title of Sayyid al-Nisa al-Alamin (leader of Women of the Worlds).
Hazrat Fatima’s lifestyle
Hazrat Fatima (RA) was a devout follower of Islam who led a humble and spiritual life. Despite her noble lineage, she lived a simple and modest existence, engaging in daily chores and household responsibilities. Additionally, she dedicated herself to helping people with low income, emphasizing the importance of compassion and charity in her life.
Her marriage to Ali ibn Abi Talib was a reflection of mutual respect, love, and shared commitment to Islamic values. As a mother, She played an important role in raising her children and instilling in them the principles of Islam.
Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) was the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) and the son of Hazrat Ali (AS) and Hazrat Fatima (AS). To learn more about the life and legacy of Imam Hussain (AS), please visit this link: Who was Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS)? What was His Life Like?
Hazrat Fatima (RA) devoted much of her time to prayer, reflection, and devotion to Allah. Her deep spirituality and piety set a strong example for women in Islam, emphasizing the importance of faith, modesty, and devotion to religious practices. Her exemplary life testifies to the fundamental values and principles of Islam.
Legacy and Impact on Islamic Culture
Hazrat Fatima (RA) holds great importance in Islamic culture, being revered for her character, unwavering devotion, and a significant role in shaping the values and practices of the faith. As the esteemed daughter of Prophet Muhammad (PBUM), she symbolizes not only virtue and resilience but also embodies the spiritual essence of Islam.
Hazrat Fatima (RA) legacy
Fatima’s legacy has a profound impact on Islamic teachings on family, compassion, and social justice. Her life is a symbol of profound strength and patience, bearing hardships by his father’s side during the early spread of Islam.
Hazrat Fatima (RA) kindness
Her teachings emphasize humility, kindness, and devotion to Allah. Her exemplary life is a model for Muslim women, inspiring them towards piety, knowledge, and leadership.
The Revered Lineage of Hazrat Fatima (RA) in Islam
Hazrat Fatima (RA) is important in Islam because she was an Ahl al-Bayt, the Ahl al-Bayt, who is regarded with great reverence within Islam. Her descendants, called Syeds or Sharifs, carry his lineage, representing an honorable relationship to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) of Islam.
Empowering Women in Islamic History
Fatima’s existence also highlights the importance of gender equality in Islam. Her revered status demonstrates the integral role of women in Islamic history, dispelling misconceptions about their place and influence in the faith.
Upholding the spiritual legacy of Hazrat Fatima
Devotion to Hazrat Fatima (RA) spreads through various rituals and commemorations, such as celebrating her birth and mourning her tragic death. These festivals promote a deep spiritual connection between Muslims around the world, further perpetuating its legacy.
Promoting virtues and unity in Islamic culture
Through her exemplary life, Hazrat Fatima’s influence resonates across generations. She emphasizes the values of compassion, honesty, and piety embedded in Islamic culture. Her revered status serves as a guiding light, inspiring millions to embody his virtues, promote unity, and uphold the deep essence of Islamic teachings.
Marriage with Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib
After a year’s residence in Madinah, when Hazrat Fatima (RA) was around 18 years old, marriage proposals began to arrive for her from the Prophet (PBUH). However, he politely declined, stating that it was in Allah’s hands and awaited His guidance in this matter. Hazrat Fatima (RA) exemplified the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) among women, while Ali (RA) embodied his teachings and noble qualities among men. They were deemed the most fitting couple for marriage, but Ali (RA) was too humble to broach the subject.
After encouragement from companions, Ali (RA) eventually visited Masjid Nabawi and proposed to the Prophet (PBUH) for Fatima’s hand in marriage. Upon informing Hazrat Fatima (RA) and securing her consent, their marriage took place simply. Ali (RA) sold his armor for 200 dirhams and presented the sum to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), who matched the amount. He then urged his companions to purchase household essentials for the new family, helping to establish their home.
The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) himself officiated the marriage, and subsequently, the couple resided in a separate house near the Prophet’s (SAW) Mosque.
Death of Hazrat Fatima (RA)
Hazrat Fatima (RA) died within six months of Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) death on 11/632. According to Shia and Sunni sources, his age at that time was 18 or 27 years respectively. There are various historical accounts of the circumstances of her death. According to some traditions, she faced difficulties and grief due to the events that happened after the death of his father. One account suggests that during a dispute over land rights, a door was forced against her, seriously injuring her. As a result, she suffered injuries that led to his death. These accounts show that she was deeply saddened by some of the actions taken after the death of Prophet Muhammad (PBUM). These actions ultimately contributed to her demise. However, the details and exact circumstances surrounding her death remain the subject of historical debate and interpretation within Islamic traditions
Hazrat Fatima (RA) maintained her roles as a respected daughter, a devoted wife, a loving mother, and a skilled educator for her community and women for centuries to come. With the limited information within our reach about this “mistress of all women,” it is enough to know the Prophet’s (PBUM) immense love and respect towards Allah. His position towards the Ahl al-Bayt is evident in his actions and teachings.
The presence of Hazrat Fatima Zahra (RA) as a role model for women not only strengthened the guidance and teachings brought by Islam but also demonstrated that it is indeed possible to implement them in our daily lives. The example that Islam set for women was manifested in the person of Hazrat Fatima Zahra (RA).
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Tasbih Hazrat Fatima (RA) commonly known as Tasbih Hazrat Zahra or Tasbih Al-Zahra is a special type of dhikr. Attributed to Hazrat Fatima (RA) bint Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) and consists of saying 33 repetitions of Subhan Allah, meaning “Glorified be to Allah”; 33 repetitions of Alhamdulillah, meaning “Praise be to Allah”; 33 or 34 (depending on the hadith) repetitions of Allah Akbar, meaning “Allah is greater than all things.”
She was buried in the al-Baqi cemetery in al-Medina al-Munawwara.
Zahra means shining. Fatima (RA), standing in the “Mehrab” of prayer, radiated a light visible to both the heavens and earth. That is why she was named “Zahra”.
She was regarded as the most outstanding woman of all time. She was honored as the leader of the women of Jannah.
Fatima had two daughters Zaynab and Umm Klthum.