Before the Revelation
Muhammad (SAW) was born and raised in Mecca. He (SAW) prayed and thought for a long time. He (SAW) used to prepare some basic food and drink for himself before heading straight into a cave on Mount An-Nur called Hira. A little cave that measured approximately 2 miles from Makkah was only 4 yards length and 1.75 yards broad.
In Ramadan, in his third year of separation in the cave of Hira, He (SAW) was 40 years old, the age of absolute perfection at which prophets (SAW) were always required to reveal their message. Allah intended for His mercy to flow on earth, and Muhammad (SAW) was given prophetic status and had some verses of the Qur’an revealed to him.
It was now the sixteenth night of Ramadan. Monday night was Ramadan’s 17th. He (SAW) was in the cave of Hira. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) received the first revelation. The angel Jibril(As) came and said, Read! I am not a reader, the Prophet of Allah (SAW) said. He grabbed me and squeezed me I was no longer able to handle it. He released me and said, Read! “I am not a reader,” I declared. He grabbed me again and squeezed till I could take it no longer, after which he let me go and said, ‘Read!’ I said, ‘I am not a reader. Three times, he squeezed me till I couldn’t bear it any more. He let go of me and stated,
Read! In the Name of your Lord Who has created۔ Created humans from a clinging clot. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous. Who taught by the pen. Taught humanity what they knew not. (Quran 96:1-5)
The Prophet (Peace be upon Him) repeated these verses. He was trembling with fear.
He made his way back his heart was darting, the Prophet of Allah (SAW) came to Hazrat Khadeejah and said “Cover me!” Protect me! They kept him covered till his terror subsided. He told Hazrat Khadeejah what had happened and stated, “O Khadeejah, I fear for myself.” Never, Hazrat Khadeejah replied. Allah won’t ever let you down. You protect family ties, speak the truth, aid the needy, show generosity in serving your visitors, and help those who are affected by disaster. You maintain solid relationships with your family.
Hazrat Khadeejah sent him to Waraqah ibn Nawfal, her paternal uncle’s son and a pre-Islamic convert to Christianity. He was old and blind. Hazrat Khadijah said, “My cousin! Listen to your nephew!” Waraqah said, “O my nephew! What did you see?” The Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) told him what had happened to him.
“This is the angel that Allah came to reveal the Divine Secrets to Moses (R.A). I want to be younger. I wish I could survive the day when people would reject you. Will they truly drive me out? Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon Him)asked.
Yes, Waraqah replied. There has never been a man who has brought what you have delivered without suffering criticism. If I should survive to see that day, you have my full support. A few days later, Waraqah passed away, and the Revelation temporarily stopped as a result. At this point, the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) was overcome with sorrow.
Following a forty-day break, revelations resumed coming to our Holy Prophet (SAW). It continues as he says the following: “One day, while walking, I heard a sound in the sky. I looking up towards the sky and saw the angel who had come to me, Jibril, seated on a throne that was situated halfway between the earth and the heaven. I lost my balance and fell to the ground.
When I returned home, I said, “Cover me.”! Cover me!” Upon this, God the Exalted sent down this revelation:
O you covered up ˹in your clothes˺!. Arise and warn ˹all˺. Revere your Lord ˹alone˺. Purify your garments. ˹Continue to˺ shun idols. (Quran 74:1-5)
In the sacred solitude of the Cave of Hira, a turning point in history unfolded as Prophet Muhammad (SAW) First Revelation. Angel Jibril’s visit, Muhammad’s (SAW) initial fair, and the unwavering support of Hazrat Khadeejah and Waraqah set the stage for the birth of Islam. This pivotal event marked the beginning of a spiritual journey that would transform the world, leaving an inerasable mark on Islamic history and shaping the faith that continues to guide millions today.