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Online Quran Academy - Islamic Mentors

Tawaf al-Ifadah and Tawaf al-Wada: Concluding the Hajj

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The Hajr e Aswad - A Sacred Relic on the Journey of Hajj and Umrah
Tawaf al-Ifadah and Tawaf al-Wada are the acts that symbolize the pilgrimage’s completion and a heartfelt farewell to the Kaaba. They encompass gratitude, unity, and spiritual renewal, following the journey of faith.

As the Hajj pilgrimage comes to an end, the air fills with a sense of devotion and fulfillment. Among the most important rituals during the final days are Tawaf al-Ifadah and Tawaf al-Wada, which pilgrims perform to complete their spiritual journey. These rituals represent physical acts of worship and symbolize the completion and renewal of our faith.


Tawaf al-Ifadah is an important part of the Hajj pilgrimage. After completing this ritual, the pilgrims perform Tawaf al-Wada, the Farewell Tawaf. This ritual bids a moving farewell to the Kaaba, and pilgrims fill the final circumambulation with deep emotions and hopeful peace as a bittersweet moment.


To explore a comprehensive guide on performing Tawaf, covering its various types and common rulings, you’re welcome to visit our blog post titled Tawaf in Hajj and Umrah: Significance and Method.


We will discuss the spiritual significance of Tawaf al-Ifadah and Tawaf al-Wada, the concluding rituals of Hajj. Join us to learn more.


Tawaf al-Ifadah: Circumambulation of Fulfilment

Tawaf al-Ifadah, also known as Tawaf al-Ziyarah, is an Islamic ritual performed during the Hajj pilgrimage. It signifies the completion of Hajj, performed after we return from Mina, following the standing at Arafat, spending the night in Mazdalifah, and the stoning of the Jamarat, symbolizing the rejection of evil. During this ritual, we circumambulate the Kaaba seven times in a counterclockwise direction, considering it one of the essential pillars of Hajj.


This ritual falls on the 10th day of Dhul Hijjah, which signifies the end of Ihram restrictions and symbolizes the unity of Muslims and our devotion to Allah (SWT).


For more information about Ihram, visit our blog post, Entering the State of Ihram for Hajj and Umrah.


Rulings on Tawaf al-Ifadah

Tawaf al-Ifadah rulings are crucial for the pilgrimage to be performed accurately and in line with Islamic teachings.


Rulings for Those Unable to Perform Tawaf al-Ifadah

If pilgrims cannot complete Tawaf al-Ifadah due to illness or any other valid reason, they can still complete the Hajj pilgrimage as long as they perform all the other essential rites.


Rulings on Tawaf al-Ifadah for Menstruating Women

Women who are menstruating are not allowed to perform Tawaf until they become ritually pure. If a woman experiences menstruation before Tawaf al-Ifadah, she should wait until she becomes ritually pure to perform it. There is no penalty for repeating any rite if menstruation occurs before Tawaf al-Ifadah.


Narrated by Hazrat Abbas (RA):

The people were ordered to perform the Tawaf of the Kaba (Tawaf-al-Wada`) as the lastly thing, before leaving (Mecca), except the menstruating women who were excused.

(Sahih al-Bukhari 1755)

To fulfil the requirements of the Hajj pilgrimage, pilgrims must be aware of these rulings and follow them carefully.


Tawaf al-Wada: Alvida Tawaf

Tawaf al-Wada, also known as the Farewell Tawaf or Alvida Tawaf, is performed by pilgrims as a final act of devotion and farewell to the Kaaba before leaving Mecca. It’s a symbolic expression of bidding farewell to the sacred city and the House of Allah (SWT), expressing gratitude for the opportunity to perform the pilgrimage, and seeking blessings for the journey ahead.

In our other blog, we discuss The Kaaba: History and Significance in Islam.


Tawaf al-Wada should be performed before leaving Mecca, preferably on the day of departure. However, there’s some flexibility in timing depending on individual circumstances. While some scholars consider it obligatory (wajib) for every pilgrim to perform Tawaf al-Wada before leaving Mecca, others consider it highly recommended (mustahabb). The majority opinion leans towards considering it highly recommended rather than obligatory.


Combining Tawaf al-Ifadah and Tawaf al-Wada

In Islamic jurisprudence, it is permissible under certain circumstances to combine Tawaf al-Ifadah with Tawaf al-Wada. This is particularly relevant for pilgrims who need to depart shortly after completing the rituals at Jamarat. The late Sheikh Abdul-Aziz ibn Baz, Mufti of Saudi Arabia, stated that if a pilgrim delays Tawaf al-Ifadah and performs it after completing all other Hajj rituals, it also suffices for Tawaf al-Wada.


The steps for combining the two circumambulations are as follows:


  • After completing the Hajj rituals, the pilgrim performs Tawaf al-Ifadah.
  • Upon completion, the pilgrim should make the intention that this Tawaf will also serve as Tawaf al-Wada.
  • This combined Tawaf is then followed by two Rakats behind Maqam Ibrahim, Sa’ee between the hills of Safa and Marwa, and drinking water from the well of Zamzam.

It is important to note that all four schools of Islamic jurisprudence agree on the validity of combining these Tawafs when performed within the days of Dhul-Hijjah.


Common Queries

Is Tawaf al-Wada necessary after Umrah?

Tawaf al-Wada is not obligatory after performing Umrah. However, it is a required ritual for those who have performed Hajj before leaving Mecca. Umrah is considered Sunnah, meaning it is recommended but not compulsory.

Read more What is Umrah?


Does Tawaf al-Wada require Sai (the ritual walk between Safa and Marwah)?

The Farewell Tawaf is a way pilgrims bid farewell to the Kaaba at the end of their pilgrimage. Regarding Sai, it is not a requirement for Tawaf al-Wada. Sai is performed after the Tawaf al-Qudum and is an integral part of the Umrah rituals. Therefore, if one has already completed Sai during the initial stages of Umrah, it can be done after Tawaf al-Wada.

For more information, visit our blog Sa’ee Between Safa and Marwah: A Pillar of Hajj and Umrah.


Conclusion

Tawaf al-Ifadah and Tawaf al-Wada hold great importance in concluding the Hajj pilgrimage. As pilgrims undertake these concluding rituals, it’s important to approach them with reverence and a sense of accomplishment. Recognizing the spiritual meaning of these acts of devotion is crucial.


For specific guidance on these rituals or any pilgrimage aspect, it’s highly recommended to consult a trusted Islamic scholar. Their expertise and insight can provide clarity and ensure that the rites are performed according to Islamic principles and teachings. This improves the spiritual experience of the pilgrimage journey.


Planning your pilgrimage to Hajj or Umrah? Look no further! Our Hajj and Umrah category is your ultimate destination for all things pilgrimage-related. Discover the deep history of these sacred journeys and prepare yourself with practical guides on performing rituals perfectly. Enhance your spiritual experience with essential duas.

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