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Online Quran Academy - Islamic Mentors

The Martyrs of Karbala: Symbols of Solidity


Background of Karbala

The Battle of Karbala is a significant event in Islamic history that occurred on the 10th of Muharram in 680 AD. This event tells the story of the Martyrs of Karbala, including Imam Hussain (RA) and his followers, who bravely stood up against injustice. Even though they were fewer in number, they chose to fight for what was right, even if it meant sacrificing their lives. Every year, millions of Muslims honor the Martyrs of Karbala and their martyrdom.

To learn more about the Battle of Karbala and fasting on the day of Ashura cl, please visit our following blogs:

Hazrat Ali (RA) became a leader after the martyrdom of the third caliph, Hazrat Usman (RA). Hazrat Ali’s (RA) leadership was unfortunately met with conflict from those who felt justice needed to be served for the death of Hazrat Usman (RA). This dissent culminated in the Battle of the Camel, a significant event highlighting the growing divisions within the Muslim community. Hazrat Hassan (ra) desired peace with the Hazrat Muawiya (RA), but the peace was short-lived when Muawiya’s son, Yazid, took leadership. Hazrat Husayn (RA) rejected the recognition of Yazid as the leader, wanting to lead and uphold the actual values of the Islamic community. However, Hazrat Husayn (ra) was blocked and martyrdom by Yazid’s forces.

For more information about the causes of Karbala, visit our other blog post.

Ahle Bait in Karbala

Ahle Bait is very important in Islam, which means (People of the House) refers to the family of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). In Ahle Bait includes Prophet Muhammad (SAW), His daughter Hazrat Fatima (RA), His son-in-law Hazrat Ali (RA), and their children Hazrat Hassan (RA) and Hazrat Husayn (RA).

Ahle Bait played a key role in the Battle of Karbala. Hazrat Husayn (RA) stood up against the cruel rule of Yazid ibn Muawiya. Hazrat Zainab (RA) showed great strength during and after the battle by spreading the story of their sacrifice to the Muslim community. His infant son, Hazrat Ali Asghar (RA), who was only six months old, was martyred in the Battle of Karbala. However, Hazrat Ali Zayn al-Abidin (RA) survived the battle and played a crucial role in keeping the teachings and legacy of their family.

To learn more about the life of Hazrat Hussain (RA), Click on the on link: Who was Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS)? What was His Life Like?

Names of Females in Karbala

The history of the Martyrs of Karbala includes many brave women whose names are remembered for their courage and strength. Here are some prominent women present in Karbala:

Hazrat Zainab bint Ali (RA)

She was the sister of Imam Husayn (RA). She is a powerful symbol of courage, resilience, and faith in Islam. Despite enduring immense personal loss during Karbala, including the deaths of her father, brothers, and sons, she displayed remarkable strength. Her speeches, delivered after the battle, are known for their eloquence and defiance against injustice.

Hazrat Umm Kulthum bint Ali (RA)

The sister of Imam Husayn (RA) was one of the few who survived the Battle of Karbala. Through her teachings and stories, she ensured that the sacrifices made at Karbala and the message of Imam Husayn (RA) would continue to inspire future generations. Her perseverance serves as a powerful role model for Muslim women.

Hazrat Sakeena bint Hussain (Ruqayyah) (RA)

She was a young daughter of Imam Husayn (ra). Historical accounts differ on her age at Karbala, but all traditions highlight her deep bond with her father. She witnessed the events of Karbala, especially the loss of her father, which would have been a difficult experience for her.

Hazrat Fatimah al-Kubra bint Husayn (RA)

The eldest daughter of Imam Husayn (ra) is remembered for her remarkable strength and dignity in the aftermath of the Karbala. She shouldered significant responsibilities, possibly caring for younger siblings.

Hazrat Rabab bint Imri’ al-Qais (RA)

The wife of Imam Husayn (ra) witnessed the battle of Karbala, the loss of her infant son, Hazrat Ali Asghar (ra), and the separation from her family would have caused unimaginable grief. Her story is a powerful symbol of motherhood and the immense suffering of countless women in war.

Hazrat Umm Laila bint Abi Murrah (RA)

Hazrat Umm Laila bint Abi Murrah (ra) the wife of Hazrat Abbas ibn Ali (RA).

These women suffered great hardships, but their bravery and moral strength continue to impact how Karbala is remembered in Islamic history.

The battle of Karbala offers many lessons for believers. To learn about these important lessons, click on the link below: Lessons of Karbala: Justice, Unity, and Resilience.

Names of the 72 Martyrs of Karbala

Here is a list of the martyrs of Karbala,

  1. Hazrat Imam Husayn bin Ali (RA)
  2. Hazrat Abbas Bin Ali (RA)
  3. Hazrat Ali Akber Bin Husayn (RA)
  4. Hazrat Ali Asghar Bin Husayn (RA)
  5. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Ali (RA)
  6. Hazrat Jafer Bin Ali (RA)
  7. Hazrat Usman Bin Ali (RA)
  8. Hazrat Abu Baker Bin Ali (RA)
  9. Hazrat Abu Baker Bin Hasan Bin Ali (RA)
  10. Hazrat Qasim Bin Hasan Bin Ali (RA)
  11. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Hassan (RA)
  12. Hazrat Aun bin Abdullah Bin Jafer (RA)
  13. Hazrat Mohammad Bin Abdullah bin Jafer (RA)
  14. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Muslim Bin Aqeel (RA)
  15. Hazrat Mohammad Bin Muslim (RA)
  16. Hazrat Mohammad Bin Saeed bin Aqeel (RA)
  17. Hazrat Abdul Rehman Bin Aqeel (RA)
  18. Hazrat Jafer Bin Aqeel (RA)
  19. Hazrat Uns Bin Hars Asadi (RA)
  20. Hazrat Habib Bin Mazahir Asadi (RA)
  21. Hazrat Muslim Bin Ausaja Asadi (RA)
  22. Hazrat Qais Bin Masher Asadi (RA)
  23. Hazrat Abu Samama Umru Bin Abdullah (RA)
  24. Hazrat Boreer Hamdani (RA)
  25. Hazrat Hanala Bin Asad (RA)
  26. Hazrat Abis Shakri (RA)
  27. Hazrat Abdul Rehman Rahbi (RA)
  28. Hazrat Saif Bin Hars (RA)
  29. Hazrat Amer Bin Abdullah Hamdani (RA)
  30. Hazrat Junada Bin Hars (RA)
  31. Hazrat Majma Bin Abdullah (RA)
  32. Hazrat Nafey Bin Halal (RA)
  33. Hazrat Hajjaj Bin Masrooq (RA) Moazzin of Kafla-e- Kerbala
  34. Hazrat Umer Bin Qarza (RA)
  35. Hazrat Abdul Rehman Bin Abd-e-Rub (RA)
  36. Hazrat Junada Bin Kab (RA)
  37. Hazrat Amer Bin Janada (RA)
  38. Hazrat Naeem Bin Ajlan (RA)
  39. Hazrat Saad Bin Hars (RA)
  40. Hazrat Zuhair Bin Qain (RA)
  41. Hazrat Salman Bin Mazarib (RA)
  42. Hazrat Saeed Bin Umer (RA)
  43. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Basheer (RA)
  44. Hazrat Yazid Bin Zaid Kandi (RA)
  45. Hazrat Harb Bin Umr-ul-Qais (RA)
  46. Hazrat Zaheer Bin Amer (RA)
  47. Hazrat Basheer Bin Amer (RA)
  48. Hazrat Abdullah Arwah Gahffari (RA)
  49. Hazrat Jhon (RA) Ghulam Abu Zar Ghaffari
  50. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Ameer (RA)
  51. Hazrat Abdul Aala Bin Yazeed (RA)
  52. Hazrat Saleem Bin Ameer (RA)
  53. Hazrat Qasim Bin Habib (RA)
  54. Hazrat Zaid Bin Saleem (RA)
  55. Hazrat Noman Bin Umer (RA)
  56. Hazrat Yazeed Bin Sabeet (RA)
  57. Hazrat Amir Bin Muslim (RA)
  58. Hazrat Saif Bin Malik (RA)
  59. Hazrat Jabir Bin Hajjaji (RA)
  60. Hazrat Masood Bin Hajjaji (RA)
  61. Hazrat Abdul Rehman Bin Masood (RA)
  62. Hazrat Baker Bin Haee (RA)
  63. Hazrat Ammar Bin Hassan Tai (RA)
  64. Hazrat Zurghama Bin Malik (RA)
  65. Hazrat Kanana Bin Ateeq (RA)
  66. Hazrat Aqaba Bin Sult (RA)
  67. Hazrat Hur Bin Yazeed Tameemi (RA)
  68. Hazrat Aqaba Bin Sult (RA)
  69. Hazrat Habala Bin Ali Sheebani (RA)
  70. Hazrat Qanab Bin Umer (RA)
  71. Hazrat Abdullah Bin yaqter (RA)
  72. Hazrat Ghulam-e-Turki (RA)

Burial of the Martyrs

The martyrs of Karbala were buried by the Bani Asad crew, who lived near the battlefield. After the battle, when Yazid’s forces left, Hazrat Husayn (ra) and his followers’ bodies remained unburied for three days. Hazrat Zain-ul-Abideen (ra), who survived because he was sick during the battle, played an important role in guiding Bani Asad on how to bury the bodies.

The Bani Asad approached the task with deep respect and sadness. With Hazrat Zain-ul-Abideen’s (ra) guidance, they began the grave process of burial. Each martyr of Karbala was buried where they fell, except for Imam Husayn (ra), who was buried separately.

FAQs about the martyr of Karbala

Who was the first Martyr of Karbala?

The first Shaheed in Karbala was Hazrat Hurr ibn Yazid al-Riyahi (RA).

Who was the youngest Shaheed in Karbala?

Hazrat Ali al-Asghar (RA) was the youngest shaheed in Karbala. He was only six months old.

Who was the oldest Martyr of Karbala?

Hazrat Habib Bin Mazahir (RA) was the oldest martyr of Karbala.

Who was the female Shaheed in Karbala?

The first female martyr in Karbala was Hazrat Umm Wahab (RA), the wife of Abdullah Ibn-Umayr al-Kalbi (RA).

Who avenged the Martyrs of Karbala?

Mukhtar al-Thaqafi avenged the martyr of Karbala.

Who buried the Martyrs of Karbala?

The martyrs of Karbala were buried by the Bani Asad crew, who lived near the battlefield.

Who buried Hazrat Husayn’s (RA) Body?

After a few days had passed, the people of Bani Asad buried the bodies of the martyrs in the presence of Imam Zainul Abedeen (ra) and under his directions. At the same time, He (RA) buried the blessed Body of his father, Imam Husain (RA).






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