Angels in Islam
“The Arabic term for angels is Malaika, meaning ‘to assist and help.'” Only Allah knows the exact number of angels. Neither the Qur’an nor the hadiths provide a specific count or clear information about how many angels there are. Allah assigns specific tasks to all angels, but there are 4 main angels in Islam who carry out the most important tasks.
In Islam, Angels are significant. Allah has created angels as special beings assigned to various duties. Composed of light, they lack independent choices similar to humans. Their main duty is to worship Allah and do whatever tasks He gives them.
They’re part of a hidden world we can’t know completely about. Allah talked about them in the Quran.
O believers! Protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones, overseen by formidable and severe angels, who never disobey whatever Allah orders always doing as commanded. [Surah Tahrim verse 6]
The Messenger firmly believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, and so do the believers. They all believe in Allah, His angels, His Books, and His messengers. They proclaim, “We make no distinction between any of His messengers.” And they say, “We hear and obey. We seek Your forgiveness, our Lord! And to You alone is the final return.” [Surah Baqarah verse 285]
‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Angels were created from light, jinns were created from a smokeless flame of fire, and ‘Adam was created from that which you have been told (i.e., sounding clay like the clay of pottery).” [Riyad as-Salihin 1846]
What do Angels Look Like?
In religion, people typically view angels as spiritual beings with wings, perceiving them as beautiful, glowing entities resembling humans but possessing a special divine aura. Some believe that angels can take on different forms depending on their purpose or the message they are delivering. It is hardly anyone who has seen them in their real form.
We’ve gathered information about angels from what the Quran and the Sunnah have written.
- Angels do not require nourishment through eating.
- Angels are often depicted as being of a large size.
- Angels are considered to be genderless, neither male nor female.
- Angels have the ability to take on human form.
- Angels are often depicted with wings, which can come in pairs of two, three, or four.
- People describe angels as incredibly beautiful, except for the Angel of Death.
Who are the 4 Main Angels
Allah assigns specific tasks to all angels, but only 4 main angels in Islam carry out the most important tasks in the entire universe.
Here are the Names of the four Angels and their Duties:
- Angel Gabriel
- Angel Mika’il
- Angel Israfil
- Angel Azrael
Hazrat Jibril (AS) was the angel who delivered Allah’s messages to the prophets. He brought good news to Hazrat Maryam (AS) about Hazrat Isa (AS). He also came to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) with Allah’s message while the Prophet was meditating in the cave of Hira. After that, he visited the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in various human-like forms. In the Holy Quran, Hazrat Jibril (AS) is called ruh al-Amin, ruh al-Qudus and rasulun karim. As Allah (SWT) says;
Say, O Prophet, “Whoever is an enemy of Gabriel should know that he revealed this Quran to your heart by Allah’s Will, confirming what came before it as a guide and good news for the believers. .” [Surah Baqarah Ayat 97]
It will be better if you wives both turn to Allah in repentance, for your hearts have certainly faltered. But if you continue to collaborate against him, then know that Allah Himself is his Guardian. And Gabriel, the righteous believers, and the angels are all his supporters as well. [Surah Tahrim Ayat 4]
Believers attribute the responsibility for delivering sustenance, including food, rain, changing seasons, the blowing of wind, and other good provisions, to the angel Mika’il.
The Holy Quran tells us;
Whoever is an enemy of Allah, His angels, His messengers, Gabriel, and Michael, then let them know that Allah is certainly the enemy of the disbelievers. [Surah Baqarah Ayat 98]
Hazrat Israfeel (AS) is the angel in charge of blowing the trumpet on the Day of Judgment. He’ll blow the trumpet twice: the first time will bring Doomsday, and the second time will resurrect everyone.
As mentioned in the Quran;
The Trumpet will be blown a second time, and then behold! they will rush from the graves to their Lord. [Surah Yaseen Ayat 51]
Hazrat Azrael (AS), also known as Malak-ul-Maut, has the job of taking the soul out of our bodies when we die.
In this regard Allah Almighty (SWT) says;
Say, O Prophet, “Your soul will be taken by the Angel of Death, who is in charge of you. Then to your Lord, you will all be returned.” [Surah Sajdah Ayat 11]
There are numerous angels in addition to the 4 major Angels of Islam, like the angels of Kiraman Katibin. These angels record the deeds of every individual. The angel on the right shoulder records good deeds, while the angel on the left shoulder notes bad deeds. On the Day of Judgment, these angels will present a complete record of a person’s actions to Allah, showing their conduct throughout life. Likewise, angels called Nakir and Munkir appear before a deceased person in their grave.