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Online Quran Academy - Islamic Mentors

The Life and Legacy of Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA)



Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA) is a highly respected figure in Islamic history. He was a close companion of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), and his loyalty and support were significant in the early days of Islam. He actively participated in battles alongside the Prophet (SAW). In addition to his contributions on the battlefield, Hazrat Saeed ibn Zaid (RA) played a pivotal role in preserving the Quran, the foundation of the faith. He served as a scribe, carefully writing down the verses of the Quran. His contributions and strong commitment make him a respected figure in Islamic history.

Ashra Mubashra Sahabi

Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA) was one of the ten companions of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) who were promised Paradise during their lifetimes. These ten companions are known as the Ashra Mubashra Sahaba. These companions held a special status in Islam due to their close relationship with the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Their exemplary character and devotion to the faith further distinguished them. He was fortunate to be among those companions who received this honor.

If you want to learn more about the Ashra Mubashra, our website has a lot of information about these special Sahaba. Visit the Ashra Mubashra Sahaba section to read about their lives, their essential roles in Islam, and why they are called Ashra Mubashra.

Early Life and Family Lineage

Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zaid (RA), also known as Abu l-A’war, was born in Mecca around 593-594 CE. He was described as tall, with a wheat-colored face and thick hair. He belonged to the Adi clan of the Quraysh crew of Mecca, which was highly respected in Arabian society.

His father, Hazrat Zayd ibn Amr (RA), was an important figure in pre-Islamic Arabia. While many Meccans worshipped idols, Hazrat Zayd ibn Amr (RA) followed the path of the Hanif. The Hanif rejected the polytheistic (idol worship) beliefs of the Quraysh. They desired to worship only one God, similar to Hazrat Ibrahim’s (AS) religion.

During a time when idol worship was widespread, Hazrat Zayd ibn Amr (RA) stood firm in his belief in monotheism. He rejected his people’s pagan customs. His dedication to the true religion of Hazrat Ibrahim (RA) influenced his son, Hazrat Sa’id bin Zayd (RA), who later Accepted Islam.

Conversion to Islam

When Prophet Muhammad (SAW) started preaching Islam in Mecca, Hazrat Sa’id bin Zayd (RA) was receptive due to his existing belief in worshipping one God. He recognized the truth in the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and Accepted Islam early on. His conversion marked a significant step in his spiritual journey. He aligned himself with the monotheistic faith preached by the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). His decision to Convert to Islam came at a time when Muslims faced oppression. Initially, Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA) and his wife kept their faith a secret due to the opposing environment.

The Story of Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA) with the Islam of Umar ibn Al-Khattab (RA)

Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA) was the brother-in-law of Hazrat Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA). He married Hazrat Umar’s (RA) sister, Fatima bint al-Khattab. Hazrat Umar (RA) initially had an intense hatred towards the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and the Muslim community. He actively opposed Islam and forcefully oppressed Muslims. However, his transformation is impressive.

In the year 616 CE (6 AH), during the early days of Islam, Hazrat Umar (RA) set out with the intention of killing the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). He carried a drawn sword and headed toward the house of Arqam bin Abi al-Arqam, where the Muslims gathered for Congregational prayers. As he approached, a passerby informed him that his sister and her husband had accepted Islam. This revelation caused Hazrat Umar (RA) to change his course and examine the matter.

When Hazrat Umar (RA) arrived at his sister’s house, he found her studying the Quran with Hazrat Khabbab (RA), a companion of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Despite feeling angry at first, Hazrat Umar (RA) listened to the verses being recited. His heart softened, and he decided to accept Islam. Hazrat Umar’s (RA) hatred turned into acceptance, and he became one of the most well-known and effective figures in early Islamic history.

Hazrat Umar’s (RA) conversion to Islam had significant implications:

  • It strengthened the Muslim community.
  • Muslims could pray openly in Masjid al-Haram (the Grand Mosque in Mecca) for the first time.
  • Hazrat Umar’s (RA) migration to Medina later contributed to the success and stability of the Muslim community.

Indeed, his acceptance of Islam was a key moment that shaped Islamic history.

For more information about Hazrat Umar’s (RA) life, visit this blog post: The Inspiring Life and Martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (RA).

Acceptance of Prayer

Hazrat Saeed bin Zayd (RA) was known for having his prayers answered. Once, a lady named Arwa bint Uwais accused him of taking over her land. She complained to Marwan bin Hakam, the governor of Medina appointed by Hazrat Muawiyyah (RA). She claimed that Hazrat Saeed ibn Zayd (RA) had unlawfully taken her land. Marwan appointed some people to investigate the matter. Hazrat Sa’id bin Zaid (RA) responded to them, saying,

“Do you think that I could commit such a wrongful act after hearing the Holy Prophet (SAW) say that he who unjustly takes control of even a hand’s-breadth of land will be made to wear the collar equal to the weight of seven lands around his neck on the Day of Judgment?”

He then prayed, “O Allah Almighty, if Arwa is lying, make it so that she loses her sight before her death, and her grave lies in the well of her house.” Historical records indicate that, indeed, she lost her sight and, while walking one day, she fell and died in her well.

Protection of the Honor of Aisha (RA)

During a difficult period known as the Hadith of Ifk (Sahih al-Bukhari 4141), Hazrat Aisha (RA), the wife of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), was falsely blamed by some people. This caused distress and concern among many Muslims. The false charges against Hazrat Aisha (RA) deeply upset Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA).

In dealing with this serious problem, Hazrat Sa’id bin Zaid (RA) prayed earnestly to Allah (SWT). He prayed for the truth and for Hazrat Aisha (RA) to be proven innocent. His sincere prayers showed how much he trusted Allah’s (SWT) fairness and kindness.

Allah (SWT) answered Hazrat Sa’id’s (RA) prayers by revealing verses in the Quran that showed Hazrat Aisha (RA) did nothing wrong and that the charges were false. These verses cleared Hazrat Aisha’s (RA) name and showed everyone that the charges were lies. It proved how powerful sincere prayers can be and how Allah (SWT) helps in tough times.

Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd’s (RA) actions in this story remind us how important it is to pray when things are hard. They also show how much of a difference sincere prayers can make.

Absence in the Ghazwa of Badr

Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA) missed the Ghazwa Badr because he was on a scouting mission with Hazrat Talhah ibn Ubaidullah (RA). They were gathering information about the movements of the Quraysh crew before the battle.

To learn more about Hazrat Talha (RA), companion of the Prophet who were promised Paradise, click the link: Hazrat Talha ibn Ubaydullah (RA): Model of Generosity and Bravery.

The ghazwa Badr occurred suddenly while Hazrat Sa’id bin Zaid (RA) and Hazrat Talha (RA) were still away on their mission. Although he did not participate in the battle, Muslims still consider Hazrat Saeed ibn Zayd (RA) present at Badr. His crucial role in a scouting mission played a significant part in preparing for the battle. The Muslim community valued and honored their efforts, highlighting the importance of his contributions to their victory.

For more information about the Battle of Badr, click the link: The Significance of Battle of Badr.

Appointment as Governor of Damascus

Hazrat Umar ibn Al-Khattab (RA), the second Caliph of Islam, appointed Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA) as the governor of Damascus. This appointment reflects Hazrat Umar’s (RA) high trust and respect for Hazrat Sa’id’s (RA) leadership abilities, piety, and dedication to Islam.

To learn more about the life of Hazrat Umar (RA), click on this link: The Inspiring Life and Martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (RA).

Significance of His Appointment

  • Trust and Integrity: His appointment as governor underscores his reputation for integrity and trustworthiness. Hazrat Umar ibn Al-Khattab (RA) chose him because of his firm commitment to justice and his ability to lead with fairness.
  • Leadership Qualities: During his tenure, Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zaid (RA) contributed to the stability and prosperity of Damascus with his well-recognized leadership qualities.
  • Dedication to Islam: His role as governor allowed him to implement and uphold Islamic principles in governance. This allowed him to further the cause of Islam and ensure that the people of Damascus experienced a just and righteous administration.

Humble Resignation of Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA)

Discomfort with the Luxuries of Governorship

Despite his effective leadership and governance, he felt uncomfortable with the luxuries and benefits of being governor of Damascus. He exemplified purity, simplicity, and dedication, living a humble life guided by the teachings of Islam. The luxury associated with his position as governor was at odds with his values and the simple lifestyle he preferred.

Request for Resignation

Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA) addressed the Caliph Hazrat Umar ibn Al-Khattab (RA) and requested relief from his duties as governor. He conveyed his desire to return to a simpler life focused on serving Allah (SWT) and participating in the active service of Islam. Hazrat Saeed ibn Zayd (RA) felt that he could contribute more effectively to the Muslim community by engaging in direct service and spreading the message of Islam. He focused on these efforts rather than holding a position of power and authority.

Hazrat Umar ibn Al-Khattab’s (RA) Response

Recognizing Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd’s (RA) sincere piety and commitment to Islam, Hazrat Umar ibn Al-Khattab (RA) accepted his request for resignation. Hazrat Umar (RA) respected Hazrat Sa’id’s (RA) wish to return to a life of simplicity and active service. This decision aligned with Hazrat Umar’s (RA) values, as he preferred leaders who led by example and exemplified humility.

Return to Active Service

After resigning from his position as governor, he returned to active service in the path of Allah (SWT). He continued to play a crucial role in the Muslim community, participating in military campaigns and contributing to the spread of Islam. His strong faith and desire to live according to Islamic principles drove his dedication and service.

Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd’s Death

Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA) passed away in the year 671 CE (51 AH). His death was a significant loss as he was one of the earliest and most devoted companions of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). His life showed his strong faith and commitment to Islam. He played an important role in the early growth and strengthening of the Muslim community. He was laid to rest in Al-Aqiq, an area near Medina.

Reflection on Lessons for Modern Muslims

Modern Muslims can learn several important lessons from the life of Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd (RA). His father’s teachings inspired him. His strong belief in the worship of one God and rejection of polytheism emphasize the importance of having strong faith and always seeking the truth. Even when facing difficulties, his commitment to Islam shows us the value of perseverance and loyalty to our beliefs.

His role as a leader and governor teaches us the importance of fair and compassionate governance. It reminds us that we need integrity and justice when in positions of authority. Finally, his heartfelt prayers during the incident involving Hazrat Aisha (RA) demonstrate the power of supplication and the importance of Relying on Allah (SWT) during times of problem.

Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zayd’s (RA) life is an example for all of us. It shows us the importance of faith, leadership, and dedication. His story provides timeless lessons that we can apply in our lives today.






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