Islam is based on six fundamental beliefs, which include the belief in Allah (SWT), angels, the four holy books of Allah Almighty, the Day of Judgment, and the concept of good and bad fate. The belief in the 4 Holy Books of Allah (SWT) is the fourth essential belief in Islam.
According to Islamic teachings, Allah Almighty sent down various books through different messengers to guide humanity towards the right path. The 4 Holy Books of Allah (SWT) are Tawrat, Zabur, Injeel, and the Holy Quran. Allah Almighty revealed Tawrat to the Prophet Musa (AS), Zabur revealed to the Prophet Dawud (AS), Injeel was revealed to the Prophet Isa (AS), and the Holy Quran was revealed to the last and final Prophet, Muhammad (SAW).
These Holy Books contain guidance, wisdom, and teachings on how to live a righteous life according to Allah’s (SWT) will. They serve as a source of inspiration and guidance for Muslims around the world and are revered as the word of Allah Almighty.
Preservation of the Four Holy Books of Islam
Over time, every holy book has undergone changes as people have made alterations to them to fit their circumstances. However, unlike other holy books, the Quran has remained unchanged and will continue to be so until the day of judgment.
The Quran we read today is the same as that was read over a thousand years ago. This is a testament to the remarkable preservation of the Quran and the unwavering faith of its followers. Despite the passage of centuries, the Quran remains unchanged and continues to inspire millions of people around the world.
Preservation of the Holy Quran
The Quran is the final and most authentic revelation from Allah Almighty to humanity. It is the only holy book preserved in its original form, without any additions, deletions, or alterations, since it was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (SAW) over 1400 years ago.
The Quran will remain unchanged and protected by Allah (SWT) until the day of judgment, when it will be a witness for or against those who followed or rejected its teachings.
In the Quran, Allah Almighty assures that He is the Guardian and Protector of the Quran.
It is certainly We Who have revealed the Reminder, and it is certainly We Who will preserve it. [Surah Al-Hijr Ayat 9]
Four Holy Books of Islam and Prophets
Different Prophets received the revelation of the four Holy books of Islam in distinct eras. The 4 Holy Books of Allah (SWT) are Tawrat, Zabur, Injeel, and Quran. They were revealed to Prophet Musa (AS), Prophet Dawud (AS), Prophet Isa (AS), and Prophet Muhammad (SAW), respectively.
1. The Torah (Tawrat)
Torah is the first book from the four holy books of Islam. Prophet Moses (Musa) received the Tawrat in Judaism.
2. The Psalms (Zabur)
Zabur is the second book from the four holy books of Islam. The Tawrat was revealed to Prophet David (Dawud).
3. The Bible (Injil)
Delivered to Prophet Jesus (Isa) in Christianity.
4. The Holy Quran
The Quran is one of the most prominent books of the 4 Holy Books of Allah Almighty. Quran Revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Islam. Considered as the final and complete revelation from Allah (SWT).
These four books are fundamental to their respective religions, serving as guidance, law, and moral teachings for the followers of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
What is the Torah?
The Tawrat is the Arabic term for the Torah. We, as Muslims, believe that Allah Almighty gave it to the prophets and messengers of Israel at Mount Sinai. Torah is the first book from the four holy books of Islam. The Tawrat tells about the messengers Allah Almighty sent before Prophet Muhammad (PBUM). It includes the Ten Commandments for the Children of Israel. The Tawrat became necessary when the Israelites started worshipping a golden calf, which went against Allah’s Almighty will. Moses (AS) brought Allah’s (SWT) true guidance through the Tawrat, which was revealed in Hebrew, one of the oldest languages of the Jews.
Who wrote the Torah?
According to Jewish tradition, Moses (AS) wrote the Torah under the inspiration and guidance of Allah Almighty. The Torah contains the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
2. Zabur (Psalms)
Prophet Dawud (AS) received the Zabur as a collection of revelations from Allah (SWT). These revelations were written on palm leaves and conveyed through chants or songs. Jews and traditional Eastern and Western Christians refer to the Zabur as Psalms, which is the Arabic term for them. The Quran mentions that Allah (SWT) had first introduced the concept of eternal Paradise in the Zabur. This revelation aligns with Quranic teachings, indicating similarities between the two texts.
3. Injil (Bible)
The Injeel, also known as the Bible, is the third book among the four holy books of Islam. Prophet Isa (AS) received this divine revelation. Different interpretations have distorted the original meaning of this book over time. Some Muslims believe that the original Injeel (Bible) predicted the arrival of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It is interesting to note that the term “Injeel” is mentioned 12 times in the Holy Quran.
Importance of the Injil (Bible)
The Injeel (Bible) holds significant importance for Muslims as they consider it one of the divine revelations sent by Allah Almighty. It is regarded as a testament to the prophethood of Isa (Jesus) and holds reverence as part of the broader message of monotheism and righteousness conveyed through various Prophets. Moreover, some Muslims also believe that the original Injeel contained prophecies about the coming of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). This underscores its role in affirming the continuity of divine guidance across different prophets and scriptures.
4. The Holy Quran
The Holy Quran is a sacred book that holds a central position in the Islamic faith. It is the final and complete revelation from Allah Almighty, revealed to Prophet Muhammad (SAW) through the angel Gabriel over 23 years. The Quran’s primary message is about Tawheed, meaning the oneness of Allah (SWT), and it serves as a guide for Muslims in their daily lives.
The Quran is divided into 114 chapters, or Surahs, each containing a unique message and theme. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) received 86 chapters in Makkah and 28 chapters in Madinah. The Quranic verses cover a wide range of topics, including faith, morality, relationships, social justice, and spirituality. It also contains stories of prophets and messengers from earlier times, such as Adam (AS), Noah (AS), Abraham (AS), Moses (AS), and Jesus (AS).
As Muslims, we believe that the Quran is the literal word of Allah Almighty, and its original Arabic text is considered the most accurate and authentic version. Consequently, the Quran has been preserved through oral recitation and written manuscripts for over 1400 years. Muslims all over the world recite the Quran in their daily prayers, and many devote their lives to memorizing and studying its teachings.
These scientific facts were mentioned in the Quran long before they were discovered by scientists. Let’s explore some of these remarkable Scientific Miracles of The Quran
The core message of the Quran encompasses the teachings of 4 holy books of Allah Almighty. The Quran emphasizes Allah’s message of unity.
He has revealed to you, O Prophet, the Book in truth, confirming what came before it, as He revealed the Torah and the Gospel. Previously, as a guide for people; and also revealed the Decisive Authority. Surely, those who reject Allah’s revelations will suffer severe torment, for Allah is Almighty, capable of punishment. [Surah Imran Ayat 3-4]
Frequently Asked Questions about the Quran
Who wrote the Quran?
During the early stages of revelation, various individuals wrote down the Quran on materials such as parchment, stone, palm leaves, and camel shoulder blades. Some prominent companions of the Prophet (SAW) who recorded the Quran include:
- Ali ibn Abi Talib (the Prophet’s cousin and son-in-law)
- Ubay ibn Ka’b
- Zayd ibn Thabit
When was the Quran written?
The Quran was written over a period of 23 years, from 610 CE to 632 CE. This revelation began when the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) received the first verses of the Quran from Allah Almighty through the angel Gabriel in the cave of Hira in Makkah. The revelations continued until the year of his death in 632 CE, with the final verses revealed shortly before his passing. During the mid-7th century, Uthman ibn Affan (RA), the third caliph, played a crucial role in compiling the Quran into a single book.
Who was the First Hafiz of the Holy Quran?
Hazrat Uthman ibn Affan ibn Abi al-As was the first hafiz of the Holy Quran.
How is the Quran different from other holy books?
The Quran is distinct from other holy books of Islam due to its language and content remaining unchanged for centuries. It is structured into easy-to-read chapters and covers all aspects of life comprehensively. As the final and most significant message for humanity, it occupies a central and crucial position in Islam.
Why is the Quran the Holy Book of Islam?
We believe that the Quran is the most important book of Islam because Allah (SWT) revealed it. Because of this, we follow specific rules and practices to handle it with great respect. The Quran holds a sacred status in Islam and is considered the ultimate source of guidance for us.
How Many Verses are in the Holy Quran?
The total number of verses in the Quran is 6236.
How many Rukus are there in the Holy Quran?
The Quran is divided into sections known as rukūʿs, which help reciters know when to pause and perform rukus during Salah without interrupting the Quranic text’s flow. In total, there are 558 rukūʿs in the Quran.
Which word is mentioned most times in the Holy Quran?
In the Quran, the word “Allah” appears approximately 2,816 times, making it one of the most frequently mentioned words.
How many Prophets are mentioned in the Holy Quran?
The Holy Quran mentions 25 Prophets.
How many Sajdahs are there in the Holy Quran?
In the Holy Quran, there are 15 verses with Sajdah (prostration). Among them, sajdahs are obligatory (wajib) in 4 verses and recommended (mustahab) in 11 verses.
Conclusion: Significance of the Four Holy Books of Islam
The blog concludes that the 4 Holy Books of Allah Almighty play an essential role in Islam, especially the Quran, Torah (Tawrat), Psalms (Zabur), and Bible (Injil). It highlights the unity of divine messages across different Prophets and scriptures, emphasizing the Quran’s unique status as the final and unchanged revelation. Prophet Muhammad (SAW), Prophet Moses (AS), Prophet David (AS), and Prophet Jesus (AS) received these Holy Books, respectively. Their interconnectedness reinforces the shared values of monotheism and righteousness.
The FAQs section provides additional insights into the Quran’s writing and historical context. Overall, the blog underscores the importance of these scriptures in shaping the spiritual identity of believers across Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. It promotes understanding and respect for their shared values.